Low-Cost Financing: The Need to Strengthen the Solar PV Supply Chain in India

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India stands at the forefront of a solar revolution, with an ambition to expand its solar cell manufacturing capacity exponentially in the coming years. While policies and incentives are being implemented to bolster domestic manufacturing, the key to sustaining this momentum lies in accessible, low-cost financing. This article delves into why low-cost financing is pivotal for strengthening the solar PV supply chain in India.

1. Expanding Infrastructure and Capabilities

The government’s push for local manufacturing has seen significant steps such as the Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS) and the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme. These schemes aim to boost domestic production by offering subsidies and incentives. However, setting up manufacturing units requires large capital investments. Low-cost financing can catalyze this process by making funds readily available for businesses to expand their manufacturing infrastructure.

2. Encouraging Start-ups and SMEs

The Indian solar sector has immense potential for start-ups and SMEs to innovate and thrive. With favorable financing options, these smaller entities can more easily navigate the early challenges of production, R&D, and market establishment.

3. Strengthening the Complete Supply Chain

From raw material procurement to the finished solar PV module, each stage requires substantial investments. By ensuring that businesses across the supply chain have access to affordable capital, the overall productivity and efficiency of the solar sector can be enhanced.

4. Offset Import Duties and Encourage Domestic Production

While imposition of Basic Customs Duty (BCD) on solar PV imports and the discontinuation of customs duty concession benefits are steps towards promoting domestic manufacturing, they also mean increased costs for those relying on imported components. Low-cost financing can offset these additional costs and ensure that domestic manufacturing remains competitive.

5. Enhancing Global Competitiveness

With many global players in the solar sector, India’s aim to be a dominant force requires competitive pricing. Low-cost financing ensures that manufacturers can keep production costs low, making Indian-made solar PV modules more appealing on the global stage.

6. Facilitating R&D and Technological Advancements

The solar sector is ever-evolving with continuous advancements in technology. To stay ahead, companies need to invest in research and development. Favorable financing options can make it feasible for companies to allocate resources towards innovation.

7. Creating Sustainable Employment Opportunities

A thriving solar sector has the potential to create numerous jobs across the supply chain. Low-cost financing can aid in the establishment of more manufacturing units, leading to greater employment opportunities in both urban and rural areas.

8. Encouraging Sustainable Economic Growth

Finally, investing in the solar sector is an investment in sustainable economic growth. With the world moving towards renewable energy, positioning India as a leader in solar manufacturing can reap long-term economic benefits.


India’s journey towards becoming a solar powerhouse is commendable. However, sustaining and amplifying this growth requires more than just policies and incentives. A robust financing system that offers affordable capital to manufacturers is the backbone of a strong solar PV supply chain. As the Reserve Bank of India considers the proposal to prioritize loans for solar panel manufacturers, it is a step in the right direction, ensuring a brighter, sustainable future for the nation.

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